英语口语

直接引语变间接引语

引述别人的话时,一般采用两种方式:一是引用别人的原话,把它放在引号内,称为直接引语;二是用自己的话加以转述,被转述的话不放在引号内,称为间接引语。下面就来看一下直接引语变间接引语需要注意的事项吧。

发布时间:2013年01月08日

直接引语变间接引语

1.直接引语是陈述句,变成间接引语时,由连词that 引导。例如:

She said, "I am very happy to help you."→

She said that she was very happy to help you.

  1. 直接引语是一般(选择/反意)疑问句,变成间接引语时,由连词whether或if 引导。例如:

He asked me, "Do you like playing football?"→

He asked me if/whether I liked playing football.

注意:大多数情况下,if和whether 可以互换,但后有or not,或在动词不定式前,或放在介词后作连接词时,一般只用whether。例如:

She asked me whether he could do it or not.

He hesitated about whether to drive or take the train.

  1. 直接引语是特殊疑问句,变成间接引语时,由相应的疑问词who, whom, whose, how, when, why, where 等引导。例如:

My sister asked me, "How do you like the film?"→

My sister asked me how I liked the film.

  1. 直接引语是祈使句,变成间接引语时,把动词原形变成动词不定式,并在动词不定前加tell, ask, order 等的宾语。例如:

The captain ordered, "Be quiet."→

The captain ordered us to be quiet.

注意:此种情况的否定句,在动词不定式前加not。

My teacher asked me, "Don't laugh."→

My teacher asked me not to laugh.

  1. 一些注意事项

(1)直接引语是客观事实、普遍真理等,变成间接引语时,时态不变。例如:

They told their son," The earth goes round the sun."→

They told their son that the earth goes round the sun.

(2)直接引语变间接引语时, 指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等要作相应的变化。如:this/that→ these/those, now→then, today→that day, yesterday→the day before, last year→the year before, ago→before, here→there等。 例如:

He said, "I haven't seen her today."→

He said that he hadn't seen her that day.

注意:如果转述时就在原来的地方,就在说话的当天,就不必改变指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等。

(3)间接引语一般要用陈述句的语序,即主、谓、宾的顺序。例如:

He asked Lucy, "Where did you go?"→

He asked Lucy where she went.

Tom said, "What do you want, Ann?"→

Tom asked Ann what she wanted.

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