Jane Eyre is a novel by English writer Charlotte Brontë. It was published in London, England, in 1847 with the title Jane Eyre. An Autobiography under the pen name "Currer Bell". The Penguin edition describes it as an "influential feminist text" because of its in-depth exploration of a strong female character's feelings. 《简爱》是英国小说作家夏洛蒂•勃朗特的作品，1847年在英国伦敦出版，书名定为自传《简爱》，以笔名“库瑞尔•贝尔”署名。Penguin出版社的版次将小说誉为“具有影响力的女权主义文本”，因为小说深入探索了女主角的强烈情感。 The novel merges elements of three distinct genres. It has the form of a Bildungsroman, a story about a child's maturation, focusing on the emotions and experiences that accompany growth to adulthood. The novel also contains much social criticism, with a strong sense of morality at its core, and finally has the brooding and moody quality and Byronic character typical of Gothic fiction. 小说融合了三截然不同的写作风格。小说文本是教育小说，讲述了一个小孩的成长过程，聚焦陪伴孩子成长到成人的情感和经历。小说同样含有不少社会批判的内容，强烈的道德感尤为突出。最后，小说还有哥特式小说特点，婉约曲折，人物嘲讽而浪漫。 It is a novel often considered ahead of its time due to its portrayal of the development of a thinking and passionate young woman who is both individualistic, desiring for a full life, while also highly moral. Jane evolves from her beginnings as a poor and plain woman without captivating charm to her mature stage as a compassionate and confident whole woman. As she matures, she comments much on the complexities of the human condition. Jane also has a deeply pious personal trust in God, but is also highly self-reliant. Although Jane suffers much, she is never portrayed as a damsel in distress who needs rescuing. For this reason, it is sometimes regarded as an important early feminist (or proto-feminist) novel.